The coffee plant is a shrub that grows in tropical regions of the world, including Central America, South America and Africa. Coffee plants are grown for their fruit, known as coffee beans, which are roasted and ground to produce coffee.

The coffee plant grows best at medium altitudes and at constant temperatures between 15 and 24 degrees Celsius. The plant needs moisture and regular rains, as well as fertile and well-drained soil. Coffee can be grown both in open ground and in pots.

The coffee plant can grow up to 10 meters tall, with green and lanceolate leaves and small, white or yellow flowers. Coffee fruits grow on stems and are either oval or spherical, with colors ranging from green to dark red. Coffee beans contain seeds, which are covered by pulp, which can be sweet or sour.

In coffee culture, there are several species of coffee, including Coffea arabica and Coffea robusta, which are the most cultivated species. Arabica is considered to have a more subtle and smooth taste than robusta, with hints of fruit and flowers, while robusta has a stronger and more bitter taste.

In conclusion, the coffee plant is a tropical shrub cultivated for its fruits, the coffee beans, which are roasted and ground to produce coffee. The plant requires specific conditions, such as humidity, temperature and soil, to grow and produce quality grains. There are several species of coffee, each with unique taste and aroma characteristics.